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Cognitive Dissonance Theory an overview

Cognitive dissonance can even influence how people feel about and view themselves, leading to negative feelings of self-esteem and self-worth. Sometimes you might find yourself engaging in behaviors that are opposed to your own beliefs due to external expectations at work, school, or in a social situation. This might involve going along with something due to peer pressure or doing something at work to avoid getting fired. _________ own actions as behavior did not match initial attitude is another sign of cognitive dissonance.

cognitive dissonance theory

One could be when someone is a smoker and knows it’s bad but does it anyway. They might tell themselves that they smoke to calm themselves down or they smoke because their partner does in order to not experience cognitive dissonance. You’ll convince yourself that however you acted was completely necessary and justified, and that you have no reason to feel uncomfortable about your actions. So what happens when you’re in a state of dissonance and your thoughts (or beliefs) and behaviors don’t align?

Effectiveness in Humans and Other Animals

https://ecosoberhouse.com/article/cognitive-dissonance-treatment-in-sober-living/ originated with Leon Festinger in the 1950s. Cognitive dissonance takes place first through an initial tension between personal beliefs and actions, recognizing that tension, and then attempting to reduce that tension. The three main ways to reduce cognitive dissonance are through changing one’s beliefs, changing one’s behaviors, and changing one’s perception of one’s actions. Investigating strategies for reduction has historically been the overwhelming focus of CDT research. For decades, studies have been focused only on attitude change (for historical reviews, see Vaidis and Gosling, 2011; Vaidis and Bran, 2018), but the regulation strategies can be numerous (see McGrath, 2017).

What is cognitive dissonance theory and provide examples of how it is used in persuasion?

Example: This theory could be used in the persuasive context in a variety of ways. When marketers want to persuade their audience to buy a product or perform a subject they must convince them that this is a good action and if their beliefs do not match this action, they must persuade them to change their beliefs.

As we emphasized above, this large variation in the induction is beneficial for the conceptual validity of the theory. However, all these variations can also be impairments when trying to study some specific hypotheses, such as those about the nature and role of the CDS, and its regulations. Each variation between two studies creates room for a potential confounded variable.

The Why and How of Defending Belief in a Just World

To the contrary, participants who were told the victimization took place in the distant past blamed the character of the victim more and saw greater benefits in her suffering than did participants who thought the victimization was in the recent past. In terms of Hafer and Gosse’s (2010) organization of BJW-defense strategies, Warner et al.’s (2012) temporal distance variable probably influenced endorsement of different strategies through the availability principle. That is, temporal distance might have affected the availability of BJW-defense strategies that required different modes of thinking. Mismatches between your beliefs and actions can lead to feelings of discomfort (and, sometimes, coping choices that have negative impacts), but such feelings can also sometimes lead to change and growth. When there are conflicts between cognitions (thoughts, beliefs, and opinions), people will take steps to reduce the dissonance and feelings of discomfort.

What is an example of cognitive dissonance theory in the classroom?

Cognitive Dissonance in Education

Here's an example of how cognitive dissonance might appear in classroom. An observer says to a teacher: “Right, I don't think this lesson was XYZ” followed with any of the above responses. It's a simple example, but a good starting point to test your filter of response.

An look at to the fundamental building blocks of the peace and conflict field covering both “tractable” and intractable conflict. Join Us in calling for a dramatic expansion of efforts to limit the destructiveness of intractable conflict. Our inability to constructively handle intractable conflict is the most serious, and the most neglected, problem facing humanity. Solving today’s tough problems depends upon finding better ways of dealing with these conflicts.

What is cognitive dissonance?

Likewise, some new paradigms focus on minimal inconsistencies, that is, inconsistencies that involve very few cognitions other than the inconsistency per se (e.g., Levy et al., 2017), and compare inconsistent conditions to neutral ones. These new paradigms are encouraging, but researchers in the field must still clearly realize that varying factors such as commitment is not the same as varying inconsistency. Given the number of possible regulation strategies, assessing only one of them limits the conclusion that can be drawn.

  • In the case of the alien enthusiasts, they were there of their own free will leading to a large attitude shift from the truth.
  • This all means that a Protestant or Catholic who otherwise may strongly believe in the notion that «Thou shall not murder» may participate in terrorist activities.
  • By bringing attention to the inconsistencies in our minds, cognitive dissonance may present an opportunity for growth.

Perhaps more importantly, the conflict can be perpetuated by the fact that these people aren’t open to new information that might dispel these false ideas about the other side. Thus an Israeli may not be willing to hear about the thoughts, feelings and family of a Palestinian, because these contradict the Israeli’s view of Palestinians as inhuman. Finally, perhaps the most important way people deal with cognitive dissonance is to prevent it in the first place. If someone is presented with information that is dissonant from what they already know, the easiest way to deal with this new information is to ignore it, refuse to accept it, or simply avoid that type of information in general.

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